Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/119004
Type: Thesis
Title: Relative Age Effects of South Australian Senior Secondary School Students
Author: Della Pietra, Jordan
Issue Date: 2018
School/Discipline: School of Education
Abstract: Achievement and attainment in Secondary school is often referred to as individual academic success rather than sporting or non-academic achievement. Factors that have influence on student success are often discussed between education stakeholders. Academic achievement and attainment of Senior Secondary students are known to contribute to the increased probability of future success of these students. Relative Age Effects, the influence of student age on their academic achievements, is a contemporary factor currently being researched on an international scale. Within South Australia the recognised merit of achievement for Year 12 students is the South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE). This generally involves a two-stage process, where students can begin to attain ‘credits’ in a Year 10 Stage 1 subject, which contributes to the 200-credit requirement for attaining the SACE. Through analysing Relative Age Effects of student in the most common subjects (Research Project, Mathematics Applications, English Communications and Biology) for 2014 (N = 13,869), 2015 (N = 15,050) and 2016 (N = 15,101) it is possible to see if age influences South Australian students’ achievement. Other influential factors to academic achievement included gender (Male or Female) and school location (Metropolitan or Country). In 2014 the Research Project (p <0.01), Mathematics (p <0.01) and English (p <0.01) subjects resulted in statistically significant age effects, where students classified as ‘Young’ outperformed their ‘Old’ counterparts. In 2015 only two of the four subjects, the Research Project (p <0.01) and Biology (p <0.01) showed significant statistical difference between age grouped students, where, similar to 2014, the Young students outperformed the Old. Both the Research Project (p <0.01) and Mathematics (p <0.01) subjects for 2016 exhibited significant statistical difference, following the same trend as the previous years with Old students performing worse than Young students. Differences of mean achieved scores by students within these cohorts are therefore likely to be influenced by other factors such as socioeconomic status, immigration status of students and families, or teacher influence. Limitations of this study include the lack of detailed information about students, such as their socio-economic status or their work commitments are discussed within the paper. The findings offer insights into the currently limited knowledge about Relative Age Effects of students within South Australian Secondary schools.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (MTeach) -- University of Adelaide, School of Education, 2018
Description: This item is only available electronically.
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available, or you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
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