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Type: Journal article
Title: Immunohistochemical localization of basic fibroblast growth factor in bovine ovarian follicles
Author: van Wezel, I.L.
Umapathysivam, K.
Tilley, W.D.
Rodgers, R.J.
Citation: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 1995; 115(2):133-140
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 1995
ISSN: 0303-7207
Statement of
I.L.van Wezel, K.Umapathysivam, W.D.Tilley, R.J.Rodgers
Abstract: Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF, FGF2) controls cell proliferation and differentiation in many organs and tissues. In the ovary, cells proliferate and differentiate during folliculogenesis and during formation of the corpus luteum. While previous studies have inferred a role for bFGF in these processes, the precise contribution of bFGF to follicular activation or recruitment has not been established. For this reason, bFGF was immunolocalized in bovine follicles, using anti-bFGF immunoglobulin specific for the 1-24-amino acid terminus of the 18-kDa peptide. Basic FGF was immunolocalized to the cytoplasm of oocytes from bovine primordial and primary follicles. Strong immunostaining was also observed in corpora lutea, the ovarian surface epithelium, and smooth muscle cells surrounding blood vessels, while substantial levels of immunostaining were also present in cells of the theca interna. In most of the healthy antral follicles examined, the three or so layers of granulosa cells which were closest to the basement membrane were also stained, with greatest levels of staining at the most basal region of each cell. Atretic antral follicles had significant and uniform levels of immunostaining throughout the theca interna and the membrana granulosa. Immunostaining as described above was reduced to background levels when the primary specific immunoglobulin was preabsorbed with a 350 molar excess of peptide comprising the NH2-terminal 24 amino acids of bFGF. Based upon our previous observations and those reported here, we propose that basic fibroblast growth factor is synthesized by immature oocytes, especially those from primordial and primary follicles, and that bFGF has a potential role in activating follicle growth via stimulation of granulosa cell proliferation and follicular basement membrane synthesis.
Keywords: Basic fibroblast growth factor; ovary; follicle; oocyte; bos taurus
Rights: © 1995 - Elsevier Science lreland Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/0303-7207(95)03678-4
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