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Type: Journal article
Title: 3D bioprinted nanocellulose-based hydrogels for tissue engineering applications: a brief review
Author: Athukoralalage, S.S.
Balu, R.
Dutta, N.K.
Choudhury, N.R.
Citation: Polymers, 2019; 11(5):1-13
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 2073-4360
Statement of
Sandya S. Athukoralalage, Rajkamal Balu, Naba K. Dutta * and Namita Roy Choudhury
Abstract: Nanocellulosic materials, such as cellulose nanocrystals, cellulose nanofibers, and bacterial nanocellulose, that display high surface area, mechanical strength, biodegradability, and tunable surface chemistry have attracted great attention over the last decade for biomedical applications. Simultaneously, 3D printing is revolutionizing the field of biomedical engineering, which enables the fast and on-demand printing of customizable scaffolds, tissues, and organs. Nanocellulosic materials hold tremendous potential for 3D bioprinting due to their printability, their shear thinning behavior, their ability to live cell support and owing to their excellent biocompatibility. The amalgamation of nanocellulose-based feedstocks and 3D bioprinting is therefore of critical interest for the development of advanced functional 3D hydrogels. In this context, this review briefly discusses the most recent key developments and challenges in 3D bioprinting nanocellulose-based hydrogel constructs that have been successfully tested for mammalian cell viability and used in tissue engineering applications.
Keywords: 3D printing
tissue engineering
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
DOI: 10.3390/polym11050898
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Chemical Engineering publications

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