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|Title:||Inhibition of T47D human breast cancer cell growth by the synthetic progestin R5020: effects of serum, estradiol, insulin, and EGF|
De Young, N.
|Citation:||Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 1991; 20(1):53-62|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|P. Grantley Gill, W. D. Tilley, N. J. De Young, I. L. Lensink, P. D. Dixon, D. J. Horsfall|
|Abstract:||The mechanism of the antiproliferative effects of progestins on human breast cancer cells is not known. In view of the ability of estrogen to stimulate human breast cancer cell production of peptide growth factors, and since previous studies have suggested that the inhibitory action of progestins is dependent on estrogen-stimulated growth, the present study examined the interaction of growth factors and the synthetic progestin R5020 on the proliferation of T47D human breast cancer cells. In this study, the concentrations of estradiol, insulin, and EGF for optimal stimulation of T47D cell growth in 3% dextran-charcoal treated fetal bovine serum (DCC-FBS) were determined to be 1 nM, 100 nM, and 1 nM, respectively. Furthermore, incubation with these optimal concentrations of estradiol, insulin, and EGF in various combinations produced additive effects on T47D cell proliferation, suggesting that these agents act, at least in part, by different mechanisms. In contrast, in a chemically defined medium (DM), both estradiol and EGF were unable to stimulate T47D cell proliferation. In the case of estradiol, the inability to demonstrate stimulation of T47D cell growth in DM was not due to down-regulation of the estrogen receptor. R5020 inhibited the growth of T47D cells, although its effect was more marked in the presence of 3% DCC-FBS than in DM. Stimulation of T47D cell growth by either estradiol or insulin in 3% DCC-FBS was effectively inhibited by R5020. In contrast, growth of T47D cells stimulated by EGF in the absence of estradiol was not markedly inhibited by R5020, the growth being comparable to that of untreated control cells. These findings suggest that the inhibitory effect of R5020 on T47D cell proliferation is dominant over the action of some, but not all, breast cancer mitogens.|
|Keywords:||Breast cancer; cell; EGF; estrogen; growth; insulin; mitogens; progestin|
|Rights:||© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1991|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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