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|Title:||Possible evidence for cosmic-ray acceleration in the Type Ia SNR RCW 86: spatial correlation between TeV gamma-rays and interstellar atomic protons|
|Citation:||The Astrophysical Journal, 2019; 876(1):37-1-37-13|
|Publisher:||American Astronomical Society; IOP Publishing|
|H. Sano, G. Rowell, E.M. Reynoso, I. Jung-Richardt, Y. Yamane, T. Nagaya, S. Yoshiike, K. Hayashi, K. Torii, N. Maxted, I. Mitsuishi, T. Inoue, S. Inutsuka, H. Yamamoto, K. Tachihara, and Y. Fukui|
|Abstract:||We present a detailed morphological study of TeV gamma-rays, synchrotron radiation, and interstellar gas in the young Type Ia supernova remnant (SNR) RCW 86. We find that the interstellar atomic gas shows good spatial correlation with the gamma-rays, indicating that the TeV gamma-rays from RCW 86 are likely predominantly of hadronic origin. In contrast, the spatial correlation between the interstellar molecular cloud and the TeV gamma-rays is poor in the southeastern shell of the SNR. We argue that this poor correlation can be attributed to the low-energy cosmic rays (~1 TeV) not penetrating into the dense molecular cloud due to an enhancement of the turbulent magnetic field around the dense cloud of ~10–100 μG. We also find that the southwestern shell, which is bright in both synchrotron X-ray and radio continuum radiation, shows a significant gamma-ray excess compared with the interstellar proton column density, suggesting that leptonic gamma-rays via inverse Compton scattering possibly contribute alongside the hadronic gamma-rays. The total cosmic-ray energies of the young TeV gamma-ray SNRs—RX J1713.7−3946, Vela Jr, HESS J1731−347, and RCW 86—are roughly similar, which indicates that cosmic rays can be accelerated in both the core-collapse and Type Ia supernovae. The total energy of cosmic rays derived using the gas density, ~10⁴⁸–10⁴⁹ erg, gives a safe lower limit due mainly to the low filling factor of interstellar gas within the shell.|
|Keywords:||Cosmic rays; gamma rays: ISM; ISM: clouds; ISM: individual objects (RCW 86); ISM: supernova remnants|
|Rights:||© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Physics publications|
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