Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/119939
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Type: Journal article
Title: A controlled aquarium system and approach to study the role of sponge-bacteria interactions using Aplysilla rosea and Vibrio natriegens
Author: Mehbub, M.F.
Tanner, J.E.
Barnett, S.J.
Bekker, J.
Franco, C.M.M.
Zhang, W.
Citation: Scientific Reports, 2018; 8(1):11801-1-11801-11
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2045-2322
2045-2322
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Mohammad F. Mehbub, Jason E. Tanner, Stephen J. Barnett, Jan Bekker, Christopher M. M. Franco and Wei Zhang
Abstract: Sponge-bacteria interactions are very important due to their ecological and biological significance. To understand the impact of interactions between sponges and bacteria (both associated with and external to sponges) on sponge-associated microbial diversity, sponge metabolite profiles and bioactivity, we used a controlled aquarium system and designed an experimental approach that allows the study of sponge-bacteria interactions in a well-defined manner. To test the feasibility of this approach, this system was used to study the interaction between a sponge Aplysilla rosea and a marine bacterium commonly found in seawater, Vibrio natriegens. Sponge explants were exposed to V. natriegens, at 5 × 106 cfu/ml, and changes were monitored for 48 hours. Pyro-sequencing revealed significant shifts in microbial communities associated with the sponges after 24 to 48 hours. Both the control (sponge only without added bacteria) and Vibrio-exposed sponges showed a distinct shift in bacterial diversity and abundance with time. Vibrio exposure significantly increased bacterial diversity, the abundance of a number of taxa compared to control sponges. The result experimentally supports the notion of dynamic and concerted responses by the sponge when interacting with a bacterium, and demonstrates the feasibility of using this controlled aquarium system for the study of sponge-bacteria interactions.
Keywords: Animals; Porifera; Vibrio; Microbial Consortia
Rights: © The Author(s) 2018. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
RMID: 0030096296
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-30295-y
Appears in Collections:Environment Institute publications

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