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Type: Journal article
Title: A cross-sectional study examining convergent validity of a frailty index based on electronic medical records in a Canadian primary care program
Author: Abbasi, M.
Khera, S.
Dabravolskaj, J.
Vandermeer, B.
Theou, O.
Rolfson, D.
Clegg, A.
Citation: BMC Geriatrics, 2019; 19(1):109-1-109-8
Publisher: BMC
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 1471-2318
Statement of
Marjan Abbasi, Sheny Khera, Julia Dabravolskaj, Ben Vandermeer, Olga Theou, Darryl Rolfson and Andrew Clegg
Abstract: BACKGROUND:An electronic frailty index (eFI) has been developed and validated in the UK; it uses data from primary care electronic medical records (EMR) for effective frailty case-finding in primary care. This project examined the convergent validity of the eFI from Canadian primary care EMR data with a validated frailty index based on comprehensive geriatric assessment (FI-CGA), in order to understand its potential use in the Canadian context. METHODS:A cross-sectional validation study, using data from an integrated primary care research program for seniors living with frailty in Edmonton, AB. Eighty-five patients 65 years of age and older from six primary care physicians' practices were recruited. Patients were excluded if they were under 65 years of age, did not provide consent to participate in the program, or were living in a long term care facility at the time of enrolment. We used scatter plots to assess linearity and Pearson correlation coefficients to examine correlations. RESULTS:Results indicate a strong statistically significant correlation between the eFI and FI-CGA (r = 0.72, 95% CI 0.60-0.81, p < 0.001). A simple linear regression showed good ability of the eFI scores to predict FI-CGA scores (F (1,83) = 89.06, p < .0001, R2 = 0.51). Both indices were also correlated with age, number of chronic conditions and number of medications. CONCLUSIONS:The study findings support the convergent validity of the eFI, which further justifies implementation of a case-finding tool that uses routinely collected primary care data in the Canadian context.
Keywords: Electronic frailty index; Frailty case-finding; Primary care
Rights: © The Author(s). 2019, corrected publication 2019. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
RMID: 0030113241
DOI: 10.1186/s12877-019-1119-x
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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