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Type: Journal article
Title: Lethal epistaxis
Author: Byard, R.
Citation: Journal of forensic sciences, 2016; 61(5):1244-1249
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0022-1198
Statement of
Roger W. Byard
Abstract: Epistaxis or nosebleed refers to bleeding from the nostrils, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx. Occasional cases may present with torrential lethal hemorrhage. Three cases are reported to demonstrate particular features: Case 1: A 51-year-old woman with lethal epistaxis with no obvious bleeding source; Case 2: A 77-year-old man with treated nasopharyngeal carcinoma who died from epistaxis arising from a markedly neovascularized tumor bed; Case 3: A 2-year-old boy with hemophilia B who died from epistaxis with airway obstruction in addition to gastrointestinal bleeding. Epistaxis may be associated with trauma, tumors, vascular malformations, bleeding diatheses, infections, pregnancy, endometriosis, and a variety of different drugs. Careful dissection of the nasal cavity is required to locate the site of hemorrhage and to identify any predisposing conditions. This may be guided by postmortem computerized tomographic angiography (PCTA). Despite careful dissection, however, a source of bleeding may never be identified.
Keywords: Forensic science; epistaxis; lethal haemorrhage; trauma; tumor; vascular malformation
Rights: © 2016 American Academy of Forensic Sciences
RMID: 0030049219
DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.13119
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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