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|Title:||Cognitive-behavioral therapy modifies the naturalistic course of social anxiety disorder: findings from an ABA design study in routine clinical practices|
|Citation:||Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 2013; 67(3):139-147|
|Toshi A. Furukawa, Yumi Nakano, Tadashi Funayama, Sei Ogawa, Tetsuji Ietsugu, Yumiko Noda, Junwen Chen, Norio Watanabe, Tatsuo Akechi|
|Abstract:||AIMS: While randomized evidence appears to have established efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and some pharmacotherapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD), their real-world effectiveness has been called into question by long-term naturalistic cohort studies of patients with SAD as they show very low probability of recovery and sustained social dysfunctions despite some drug and psychological therapies. METHOD: The present study examines the effectiveness of group CBT for SAD in real-world settings (n=62) by examining the course of patients' symptomatology and social functions through approximately 6 months on the waiting list, through 6 months receiving the manualized group CBT intervention consisting of 16 2-h sessions, and for 12 months after the treatment. RESULTS: We found: (i) that the patients with SAD changed little or possibly worsened through the 6 months on the waiting list, although two in three of them were on antidepressants, benzodiazepines or both; (ii) that both their symptomatology and social function improved significantly and substantively through the group CBT; and (iii) that this improvement was maintained through the 3- and 12-month follow ups. CONCLUSIONS: We can implement and must disseminate evidence-based, effective CBT for more patients with SAD to lessen their suffering and stop the perpetuation of their symptoms.|
|Keywords:||Cognitive–behavioral therapy; cohort study; social phobia|
|Rights:||© 2013 The Authors. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences © 2013 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology publications|
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