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Type: Journal article
Title: Chronic diseases and socioeconomic inequalities in quality of life among Brazilian adults: findings from a population-based study in Southern Brazil
Author: Höfelmann, D.
Gonzalez-Chica, D.
Peres, K.
Boing, A.
Peres, M.
Citation: European Journal of Public Health, 2018; 28(4):603-610
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1101-1262
Statement of
Doroteia A. Höfelmann, David A. Gonzalez-Chica, Karen Glazer Peres, Antonio Fernando Boing, Marco Aurelio Peres
Abstract: Background: To evaluate the association between sociodemographic conditions and the quality of life (QoL) in adults and investigate whether these inequalities are greater among individuals with long-lasting chronic health conditions. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the second wave (2012) of the EpiFloripa Study, a population-based cohort of 1720 adults living in Southern Brazil. QoL domains (physical, psychological, social relationships and environmental) were evaluated using the WHOQoL-BREF. Unadjusted and adjusted means of QoL according to socioeconomic and demographic variables were estimated and stratified by the presence of long-lasting chronic conditions (heart disease, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, cirrhosis, tendinitis, arthritis, rheumatism and/or fibromyalgia) were peformed in 2016. Results: Among 1222 interviewed adults (56.6% females, mean age 41.7 ± 11.4 years; follow-up rate 71.1%), the prevalence of 1+ long-lasting chronic disease was 37.3% (95%CI: 34.4-40.3). Their effect on the QoL was four times higher on the physical component (-9.6; 95%CI -12.1; -7.1) than on the other domains. Adults aged 40+ years with black skin colour or lower educational level had a lower physical QoL score only when any chronic disease was present. Among those with some chronic illness, the psychological domain was also lower among those aged 40+ years and with a lower family income. No interaction between sociodemographic variables and chronic diseases was observed for the other QoL domains. Conclusions: The occurrence of long-lasting chronic diseases is associated with inequalities in QoL (physical and psychological domains), with stronger adverse effects among older adults, blacks and individuals with lower income or educational levels.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus; adult; Brazil chronic disease; color; demography; educational status; follow-up; income; socioeconomic factors; quality of life; skin; family income
Rights: © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckx224
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