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Type: Journal article
Title: Selective hydroxylation of 1,8- and 1,4-cineole using bacterial P450 variants
Author: Lee, J.H.Z.
Wong, S.H.
Stok, J.E.
Bagster, S.A.
Beckett, J.
Clegg, J.K.
Brock, A.J.
De Voss, J.J.
Bell, S.G.
Citation: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 2019; 663:54-63
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0003-9861
Statement of
Joel H.Z. Lee, Siew Hoon Wong, Jeanette E. Stok, Sarah A. Bagster, James Beckett, Jack K. Clegg, Aidan J. Brock, James J. De Voss, Stephen G. Bell
Abstract: This study has evaluated the use of the P450 metalloenzymes CYP176A1, CYP101A1 and CYP102A1, together with engineered protein variants of CYP101A1 and CYP102A1, to alter the regioselectivity of 1,8- and 1,4-cineole hydroxylation. CYP176A1 was less selective for 1,4-cineole oxidation when compared to its preferred substrate, 1,8-cineole. The CYP102A1 variants significantly improved the activity over the WT enzyme for oxidation of 1,4- and 1,8-cineole. The CYP102A1 R47L/Y51F/A74G/F87V/L188Q mutant generated predominantly (1S)-6α-hydroxy-1,8-cineole (78% e.e.) from 1,8-cineole. Oxidation of 1,4-cineole by the CYP102A1 R47L/Y51F/F87A/I401P variant generated the 3α product in >90% yield. WT CYP101A1 formed a mixture metabolites with 1,8-cineole and very little product was generated with 1,4-cineole. In contrast the F87W/Y96F/L244A/V247L and F87W/Y96F/L244A variants of CYP101A1 favoured formation of 5α-hydroxy-1,8-cineole (>88%, 1S 86% e.e.) while the F87V/Y96F/L244A variant generated (1S)-6α-hydroxy-1,8-cineole in excess (90% regioselective, >99% e.e.). The CYP101A1 F87W/Y96F/L244A/V247L and F87W/Y96F/L244A mutants improved the oxidation of 1,4-cineole generating an excess of the 3α metabolite (1S > 99% e.e. with the latter). The CYP101A1 F87L/Y96F variant also improved the oxidation of this substrate but shifted the site of oxidation to the isopropyl group, (8-hydroxy-1,4-cineole). When this 8-hydroxy metabolite was generated in significant quantities desaturation of C8C9 to the corresponding alkene was also detected.
Keywords: Enzyme catalysis
Cytochrome P450
C-H bond oxidation
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/
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