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|Linkages Between Oil Price Shocks and Stock Retums Revisited
|Parry, Sean David
|School of Economics
|The main component of this thesis is a paper which examines the relationship between oil price shocks and stock market returns across 15 countries. Prior to this paper, I discuss the vast literature surrounding oil prices and their effect on the macroeconomy. The post-World War II period contains many examples of oil price shocks preceding US recessions causing many authors to postulate theories regarding the mechanisms which could explain this phenomena. As these theories garnered very little support from empirical studies, the unearthing of the true underlying mechanism driving oil price shocks became a major focus. This led Kilian (2009) to decompose oil prices into various components and show that, using a structural vector autoregression model, demand shocks are the main driver in explaining variations in the price of oil. Specifically focusing on the precautionary demand shocks identified by Kilian (2009), the paper presented in this thesis uses a similar quantile-on-quantile (QQ) regression model to the one introduced by Sim and Zhou (2015) in order to examine the behaviour between stock returns and oil price shocks. The study examines 15 countries whose classification as oil importers or oil exports depends on their net position in crude oil trade. The results indicate that the main finding by Sim and Zhou (2015) that large negative oil price shocks can bolster stock returns when markets are performing well is only partially supported by the three largest oil importers in the sample China, Japan and India during the period 1988:12007:12. When extending to more recent data (period 1988:1 2016:12) it is found that China and India experience higher returns when markets perform well and there is a large positive oil price shock. This effect is mirrored for oil exporting countries Canada, Russia, and Norway and moderately oil dependent countries such as Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, which see higher returns in the presence of large positive oil price shocks and well performing markets.
|Thesis (MPhil) -- University of Adelaide, School of Economics, 2019
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