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Type: Journal article
Title: Malnutrition screening and assessment in hospitalised older people: a review
Author: Dent, E.
Hoogendijk, E.O.
Visvanathan, R.
Wright, O.R.L.
Citation: Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging, 2019; 23(5):431-441
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 1279-7707
Statement of
Elsa Dent, E. O. Hoogendijk, R. Visvanathan, O. R. L. Wright
Abstract: Malnutrition (undernutrition) remains one of the most serious health problems for older people worldwide. Many factors contribute to malnutrition in older people, including: loss of appetite, polypharmacy, dementia, frailty, poor dentition, swallowing difficulties, social isolation, and poverty. Malnutrition is common in the hospital setting, yet often remains undetected by medical staff. The objective of this review is to compare the validity and reliability of Nutritional Screening Tools (NSTs) for older adults in the hospital setting. We also provide an overview of the various nutritional screening and assessment tools used to identify malnutrition in hospitalised older adults. These include: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), MNA-short form (MNA-SF), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ), Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI) and anthropometric measurements. The prevalence and outcomes of malnutrition in hospitalised older adults are also addressed.
Keywords: Nutrition assessment
aged 80 and over
nutritional status
patient care planning
Rights: © Serdi and Springer-Verlag International SAS, part of Springer Nature 2019.
DOI: 10.1007/s12603-019-1176-z
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