Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/121052
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Type: Journal article
Title: Silician Magnetite: Si–Fe-nanoprecipitates and other mineral inclusions in magnetite from the Olympic Dam deposit, South Australia
Author: Ciobanu, C.L.
Verdugo-Ihl, M.R.
Slattery, A.
Cook, N.J.
Ehrig, K.
Courtney-Davies, L.
Wade, B.
Citation: Minerals, 2019; 9(5):1-35
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 2075-163X
2075-163X
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Cristiana L. Ciobanu, Max R. Verdugo-Ihl, Ashley Slattery, Nigel J. Cook, Kathy Ehrig, Liam Courtney-Davies, and Benjamin P. Wade
Abstract: A comprehensive nanoscale study on magnetite from samples from the outer, weakly mineralized shell at Olympic Dam, South Australia, has been undertaken using atom-scale resolution High Angle Annular Dark Field Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (HAADF STEM) imaging and STEM energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry mapping and spot analysis, supported by STEM simulations. Silician magnetite within these samples is characterized and the significance of nanoscale inclusions in hydrothermal and magmatic magnetite addressed. Silician magnetite, here containing Si–Fe-nanoprecipitates and a diverse range of nanomineral inclusions [(ferro)actinolite, diopside and epidote but also U-, W-(Mo), Y-As- and As-S-nanoparticles] appears typical for these samples. We observe both silician magnetite nanoprecipitates with spinel-type structures and a γ-Fe₁.₅SiO₄ phase with maghemite structure. These are distinct from one another and occur as bleb-like and nm-wide strips along d₁₁₁ in magnetite, respectively. Overprinting of silician magnetite during transition from K-feldspar to sericite is also expressed as abundant lattice-scale defects (twinning, faults) associated with the transformation of nanoprecipitates with spinel structure into maghemite via Fe-vacancy ordering. Such mineral associations are characteristic of early, alkali-calcic alteration in the iron-oxide copper gold (IOCG) system at Olympic Dam. Magmatic magnetite from granite hosting the deposit is quite distinct from silician magnetite and features nanomineral associations of hercynite-ulvöspinel-ilmenite. Silician magnetite has petrogenetic value in defining stages of ore deposit evolution at Olympic Dam and for IOCG systems elsewhere. The new data also add new perspectives into the definition of silician magnetite and its occurrence in ore deposits.
Keywords: Silician magnetite; high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy; Olympic Dam
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
RMID: 0030120781
DOI: 10.3390/min9050311
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/IH130200033
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering publications

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