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Type: Journal article
Title: The ALCCaS Trial: a randomized controlled trial comparing quality of life following laparoscopic versus open colectomy for colon cancer
Author: McCombie, A.
Frizelle, F.
Bagshaw, P.
Frampton, C.
Hewett, P.
McMurrick, P.
Rieger, N.
Solomon, M.
Stevenson, A.
Citation: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum, 2018; 61(10):1156-1162
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0012-3706
Statement of
Andrew M. McCombie, Frank Frizelle, Philip Frederick Bagshaw, Chris M. Frampton, Peter J. Hewett, Paul John McMurrick, Nicholas Rieger, Michael J. Solomon, Andrew R. Stevenson
Abstract: Background: This study reports the quality-of-life assessment of the ALCCaS trial. The ALCCaS trial compared laparoscopic and open resection for colon cancer. It reported equivalence of survival at 5 years. Quality of life was measured as a secondary outcome. Objective: This study aimed to report on the quality of life data of the ALCCaS Trial. Design: This study reports a randomized controlled trial comparing laparoscopic with open colonic resection. Settings: The study was conducted in Australasia. Patients: Patients with a single adenocarcinoma of the right, left, or sigmoid colon, presenting for elective treatment, were eligible for randomization. Interventions: Open and laparoscopic colonic resections were performed. Main Outcome Measures: Patient symptoms and quality of life were measured using the Symptoms Distress Scale, the Quality of Life Index, and the Global Quality of Life Score preoperatively, and at 2 days, 2 weeks, and 2 months postoperatively. Results: Of the 592 patients enrolled in ALCCaS, 425 completed at least 1 quality-of-life measure at 4 time points (71.8% of cohort). Those who received the laparoscopic intervention had better quality of life postoperatively in terms of the Symptoms Distress Scale (p < 0.01), Quality of Life Index (p < 0.01), and Global Quality of Life (p < 0.01). In intention-to-treat analyses, those assigned to laparoscopic surgery had a better quality of life postoperatively in terms of the Symptoms Distress Scale (p < 0.01) and Quality of Life Index (p < 0.01), whereas Global Quality of Life was not significant (p = 0.056). The subscales better for laparoscopic resection at all 3 postoperative time points were appetite, insomnia, pain, fatigue, bowel, daily living, and health (p < 0.05). Limitations: The primary limitation was the different response rates for the 3 quality-of-life measures. Conclusions: There was a short-term gain in quality of life maintained at 2 months postsurgery for those who received laparoscopic relative to open colonic resection. See Video Abstract at
Keywords: Colonic resection; colorectal cancer; laparoscopic; quality of life; randomized controlled trial
Rights: © 2018 The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons
DOI: 10.1097/DCR.0000000000001165
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