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Type: Journal article
Title: Contemporary diagnosis and management of patients with Myocardial Infarction in the Absence of Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association
Author: Tamis-Holland, J.E.
Jneid, H.
Reynolds, H.R.
Agewall, S.
Brilakis, E.S.
Brown, T.M.
Lerman, A.
Cushman, M.
Kumbhani, D.J.
Arslanian-Engoren, C.
Bolger, A.F.
Beltrame, J.F.
Citation: Circulation, 2019; 139(18):e891-e908
Publisher: American Heart Association
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0009-7322
Statement of
Jacqueline E. Tamis-Holland, Hani Jneid, Harmony R. Reynolds, Stefan Agewall, Emmanouil S. Brilakis, Todd M. Brown, Amir Lerman, Mary Cushman, Dharam J. Kumbhani, Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren, Ann F. Bolger, John F. Beltrame, and On behalf of the American Heart Association Interventional Cardiovascular Care Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; and Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research
Abstract: Myocardial infarction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease is found in ≈5% to 6% of all patients with acute infarction who are referred for coronary angiography. There are a variety of causes that can result in this clinical condition. As such, it is important that patients are appropriately diagnosed and an evaluation to uncover the correct cause is performed so that, when possible, specific therapies to treat the underlying cause can be prescribed. This statement provides a formal and updated definition for the broadly labelled term MINOCA (incorporating the definition of acute myocardial infarction from the newly released "Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction") and provides a clinically useful framework and algorithms for the diagnostic evaluation and management of patients with myocardial infarction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease.
Keywords: AHA Scientific Statements; angiography; coronary artery disease, nonobstructive; coronary vasospasm; microvascular disease; myocardial infarction; spontaneous coronary artery dissection
Rights: © 2019 American Heart Association, Inc.
DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000670
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