Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/121568
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Type: Journal article
Title: Somewhere beyond the sea: human cranial remains from the Lesser Sunda Islands (Alor Island, Indonesia) provide insights on Late Pleistocene peopling of Island Southeast Asia
Author: Samper Carro, S.
Gilbert, F.
Bulbeck, D.
O'Connor, S.
Louys, J.
Spooner, N.
Questiaux, D.
Arnold, L.
Price, G.
Wood, R.
Mahirta
Citation: Journal of Human Evolution, 2019; 134:102638-1-102638-16
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0047-2484
1095-8606
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Responsibility: 
Sofía C. Samper Carro, Felicity Gilbert, David Bulbeck, Sue O'Connor, Julien Louys, Nigel Spooner, Danielle Questiaux, Lee Arnold, Gilbert J. Price, Rachel Wood, Mahirta
Abstract: The migration of anatomically modern humans (AMH) from Africa to every inhabitable continent included their dispersal through Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) to Australia. Significantly, this involved overwater dispersal through the Lesser Sunda Islands between Sunda (continental Southeast Asia) and Sahul (Australia and New Guinea). However, the timing and direction of this movement is still debated. Here, we report on human skeletal material recovered from excavations at two rockshelters, known locally as Tron Bon Lei, on Alor Island, Indonesia. The remains, dated to the Late Pleistocene, are the first anatomically modern human remains recovered in Wallacea dated to this period and are associated with cultural material demonstrating intentional burial. The human remains from Tron Bon Lei represent a population osteometrically distinct from Late Pleistocene Sunda and Sahul AMH. Instead, morphometrically, they appear more similar to Holocene populations in the Lesser Sundas. Thus, they may represent the remains of a population originally from Sunda whose Lesser Sunda Island descendants survived into the Holocene.
Keywords: Lesser Sunda Islands; anatomically modern humans; Late Pleistocene; Indonesia; human migration; craniometrics
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030132787
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2019.07.002
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FL120100156
Appears in Collections:IPAS publications

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