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Type: Journal article
Title: Optical fiber refractive index sensor with low detection limit and large dynamic range using a hybrid fiber interferometer
Author: Li, X.
Warren-Smith, S.C.
Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.
Zhang, Y.N.
Nguyen, L.V.
Citation: Journal of Lightwave Technology, 2019; 37(13):2954-2962
Publisher: IEEE
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0733-8724
Statement of
Xuegang Li, Stephen C. Warren-Smith, Heike Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Ya-nan Zhang, and Linh V. Nguyen
Abstract: A refractive index (RI) fiber sensor with low detection limit but large dynamic range is proposed and demonstrated using an exposed core microstructured optical fiber. The exposed-core fiber is highly birefringent due to its asymmetry and also supports multimode propagation; thus, can be used simultaneously as a Mach-Zehnder and Sagnac interferometer. The Mach-Zehnder interference is significantly more phase sensitive to RI due to a longer effective path length difference. This leads to a lower detection limit compared to that for the Sagnac interferometer, which has a larger free spectral range that allows the dynamic range of the RI measurement to be extended. By combining these two interferometers, the proposed sensor achieves a detection limit of as low as 6.02 × 10⁻⁶ refractive index units (RIU) while maintaining a large dynamic range from 1.3320 to 1.3465 RIU. The proposed sensor also has the advantages of biocompatibility, low cost, high stability, small size, ability to operate remotely and to be fabricated.
Keywords: Interferometers; optical fiber applications; optical sensors; refractive index sensor
Rights: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use is permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission. See for more information.
DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2019.2908023
Grant ID: ARC
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
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