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Type: Journal article
Title: Petrogenesis and tectonic implications of Early Cretaceous volcanic rocks from Lingshan Island in the Sulu Orogenic Belt
Author: Meng, Y.
Santosh, M.
Li, R.
Xu, Y.
Hou, F.
Citation: Lithos, 2018; 312-313:244-257
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 0024-4937
Statement of
Yuanku Meng, M. Santosh, Rihui Li, Yang Xu, Fanghui Hou
Abstract: The Dabie-Sulu orogenic belt in eastern China marks the boundary between the Yangtze Block and the North China Block. Here we investigate a suite of volcanic rocks from Lingshan Island in the Sulu belt comprising rhyolite, trachyte, trachyandesite and basaltic trachyandesite. We present petrological, geochemical and zircon U–Pb ages and Hf–O isotope data with a view to gain insights on the petrogenesis and tectonic implications. SHRIMP II analyses of zircon grains from the rhyolite yield ²⁰⁶Pb/²³⁸U age of 127.6 ± 1.3 Ma and LA-MC-ICP-MS dating show 126.3 ± 1.2 Ma and 127.3 ± 1.1 Ma, together constraining the eruption time as Early Cretaceous. LA-MC-ICP-MS analyses of zircon grains from the andesitic rocks yield ²⁰⁶Pb/²³⁸U ages of 129.0 ± 1.6 Ma, 129.8 ± 1.5 Ma and 130.9 ± 1.0 Ma. Geochemically, the rhyolite shows shoshonitic features with low MgO and Cr, but high Na₂O + K₂O. The zircon grains from these rocks yield negative εHf(t) values and low δ¹⁸O values, and these together with the presence of Neoproterozoic inherited zircons suggest that the magma source involved melting of the Yangtze crust. The andesitic rocks, including basaltic trachyandesite, trachyandesite and trachyte, show a wide range of SiO₂, Mg# values, and Cr, enriched in LILE and LREE, depleted in HFSE (Nb, Ta and Ti), and have significantly negative zircon εHf(t) values, suggesting derivation from subcontinental lithosphere mantle that was metasomatized by felsic melts. Our results, integrated with those from previous studies suggest heterogeneous magma involving the mixing of mantle and crustal sources within an extensional setting in the Early Cretaceous.
Keywords: Petrogenesis; Early Cretaceous; rhyolite; andesitic rocks; Lingshan Island
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2018.05.009
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Geology & Geophysics publications

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