Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/123167
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Type: Journal article
Title: Combination of laser and human adipose-derived stem cells in repair of rabbit anal sphincter injury: a new therapeutic approach
Author: Sarveazad, A.
Babahajian, A.
Yari, A.
Rayner, C.K.
Mokhtare, M.
Babaei-Ghazani, A.
Agah, S.
Mahjoubi, B.
Shamseddin, J.
Yousefifard, M.
Citation: Stem Cell Research and Therapy, 2019; 10(1):367-1-367-15
Publisher: Springer Nature
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 1757-6512
1757-6512
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Responsibility: 
Arash Sarveazad, Asrin Babahajian, Abazar Yari, Chris K. Rayner, Marjan Mokhtare, Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Shahram Agah, Bahar Mahjoubi, Jebreil Shamseddin, and Mahmoud Yousefifard
Abstract: Background: Anal sphincter injury leads to fecal incontinence. Based on the regenerative capability of laser and human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs), this study was designed to assess the effects of co-application of these therapies on anal sphincter recovery after injury. Design: Male rabbits were assigned to equal groups (n = 7) including control, sphincterotomy, sphincterotomy treated with laser (660 nm, 90 s, immediately after sphincterotomy, daily, 14 days), hADSCs (2 × 106 hADSCs injected into injured area of the sphincter immediately after sphincterotomy), and laser + hADSCs. Ninety days after sphincterotomy, manometry and electromyography were performed, sphincter collagen content was evaluated, and Ki67, myosin heavy chain (MHC), skeletal muscle alpha-actin (ACTA1), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), and vimentin mRNA gene expression were assessed. Results: The laser + hADSCs group had a higher resting pressure compared with the sphincterotomy (p < 0.0001), laser (p < 0.0001), and hADSCs (p = 0.04) groups. Maximum squeeze pressure was improved in all treated animals compared with the sphincterotomized animals (p < 0.0001), without a significant difference between treatments (p > 0.05). In the laser + hADSCs group, motor unit numbers were higher than those in the laser group (p < 0.0001) but did not differ from the hADSCs group (p = 0.075). Sphincterotomy increased collagen content, but the muscle content (p = 0.36) and collagen content (p = 0.37) were not significantly different between the laser + hADSCs and control groups. Laser + hADSCs increased ACTA1 (p = 0.001) and MHC (p < 0.0001) gene expression compared with laser or hADSCs alone and was associated with increased VEGFA (p = 0.009) and Ki67 mRNA expression (p = 0.01) and decreased vimentin mRNA expression (p < 0.0001) compared with laser. Conclusion: The combination of laser and hADSCs appears more effective than either treatment alone for promoting myogenesis, angiogenesis, and functional recovery after anal sphincterotomy.
Keywords: Fecal incontinence; Lasers; mesenchymal stem cells
Rights: © The Author(s). 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver(http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
DOI: 10.1186/s13287-019-1477-5
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