Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/123318
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Type: Journal article
Title: A heritable subset of the core rumen microbiome dictates dairy cow productivity and emissions
Author: John Wallace, R.
Sasson, G.
Garnsworthy, P.C.
Tapio, I.
Gregson, E.
Bani, P.
Huhtanen, P.
Bayat, A.R.
Strozzi, F.
Biscarini, F.
Snelling, T.J.
Saunders, N.
Potterton, S.L.
Craigon, J.
Minuti, A.
Trevisi, E.
Callegari, M.L.
Cappelli, F.P.
Cabezas-Garcia, E.H.
Vilkki, J.
et al.
Citation: Science Advances, 2019; 5(7):eaav8391-1-eaav8391-12
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 2375-2548
2375-2548
Statement of
Responsibility: 
R. John Wallace, Goor Sasson, Philip C. Garnsworthy, Ilma Tapio, Emma Gregson ... John L. Williams ... et al.
Abstract: A 1000-cow study across four European countries was undertaken to understand to what extent ruminant microbiomes can be controlled by the host animal and to identify characteristics of the host rumen microbiome axis that determine productivity and methane emissions. A core rumen microbiome, phylogenetically linked and with a preserved hierarchical structure, was identified. A 39-member subset of the core formed hubs in co-occurrence networks linking microbiome structure to host genetics and phenotype (methane emissions, rumen and blood metabolites, and milk production efficiency). These phenotypes can be predicted from the core microbiome using machine learning algorithms. The heritable core microbes, therefore, present primary targets for rumen manipulation toward sustainable and environmentally friendly agriculture.
Keywords: Milk
Blood
Rumen
Animals
Cattle
Methane
Cohort Studies
Phylogeny
Phenotype
Female
Gastrointestinal Microbiome
Rights: © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav8391
Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications
Aurora harvest 8

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