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|Late pruning to delay maturity and preserve wine identity in Barossa Shiraz
|School of Agriculture, Food and Wine
|Warming is shifting vine phenology, compressing harvests, and altering the balance of fruit traits relevant to wine. The aim of this thesis was to test late pruning as a tool to delay maturity of Shiraz in the Barossa Valley of Australia, and its impact on vine yield, and wine chemical and sensory attributes. Pruning at three phenological stages were compared: winter (control), budburst and 2-3 leaves emerged. Two trials were established. First, three pruning treatments were carried out during four consecutive seasons on the same vines, to evaluate carry-over effects. Second, two thermal regimes (heating with open-top chambers vs unheated control) was combined with three pruning times during three seasons. In general, late pruning treatments delayed maturity with neutral or positive effects for yield and berry traits without carry-over effects on phenology, yield, leaf area and berry traits. Further, late pruning shifted the onset of berry anthocyanin in relation to sugars and increased the anthocyanin to sugar ratio, improved wine phenolics and altered sensory attributes. In a context of warming, delaying pruning until 2-3 leaves have emerged can effectively spread the harvest and partially restore anthocyanin : sugar ratio, improve wine phenolics and preserve wine sensory attributes with no yield penalties.
|Sadras, Victor O.
|Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, 2019
|This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: http://www.adelaide.edu.au/legals
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