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Type: Journal article
Title: Effects of superplasticizer on the hydration, consistency, and strength development of cemented paste backfill
Author: Zhang, J.
Deng, H.
Taheri, A.
Deng, J.
Ke, B.
Citation: Minerals, 2018; 8(9):381-1-381-13
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2075-163X
Statement of
Jian Zhang, Hongwei Deng, Abbas Taheri, Junren Deng and Bo Ke
Abstract: The strength and consistency of cemented paste backfill (CPB) are of key concerns in the stope stability and cost control for underground mines. It is common practice to use additives, such as superplasticizer, to improve the performance of CPB. This study mainly focuses on the effects of superplasticizer on the hydration, consistency, and strength of CPB. In this study, a polynaphtalene sulfonate was used as the superplasticizer. The binder is a mix of 33.3% ordinary Portland cement and 66.7% fly ash. The CPB specimens with a tailings-binder ratio of 3:1 and a solid concentration of 70% were then tested by a low field nuclear magnetic resonance system after different hydration times. Effects of polynaphtalene sulfonate on the hydration, fluidity, and strength were investigated. Results showed that the polynaphtalene sulfonate has a strong influence on short-duration hydration, which may contribute to the strength increase of CPB. It has been demonstrated that the polynaphtalene sulfonate improved the fluidity of the CPB mixture. With the increased dosage of polynaphtalene sulfonate, the slump increased. It was also found that the polynaphtalene sulfonate dosage has a negligible effect on the 1 day (d) strength while it has a strengthening effect on the 7 d, 14 d, and 28 d strength of CPB specimens.
Keywords: Cemented paste backfill; superplasticizer; full tailings; hydration; nuclear magnetic resonance; fluidity; strength
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
RMID: 0030098199
DOI: 10.3390/min8090381
Appears in Collections:Civil and Environmental Engineering publications

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