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Type: Journal article
Title: Electrochemical engineering of nanoporous materials for photocatalysis: fundamentals, advances, and perspectives
Author: Lim, S.Y.
Law, C.S.
Liu, L.
Markovic, M.
Hedrich, C.
Blick, R.H.
Abell, A.D.
Zierold, R.
Santos, A.
Citation: Catalysts, 2019; 9(12):988-1-988-34
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 2073-4344
Statement of
Siew Yee Lim, Cheryl Suwen Law, Lina Liu, Marijana Markovic, Carina Hedrich, Robert H. Blick, Andrew D. Abell, Robert Zierold, and Abel Santos
Abstract: Photocatalysis comprises a variety of light-driven processes in which solar energy is converted into green chemical energy to drive reactions such as water splitting for hydrogen energy generation, degradation of environmental pollutants, CO₂ reduction and NH3 production. Electrochemically engineered nanoporous materials are attractive photocatalyst platforms for a plethora of applications due to their large effective surface area, highly controllable and tuneable light-harvesting capabilities, efficient charge carrier separation and enhanced diffusion of reactive species. Such tailor-made nanoporous substrates with rational chemical and structural designs provide new exciting opportunities to develop advanced optical semiconductor structures capable of performing precise and versatile control over light–matter interactions to harness electromagnetic waves with unprecedented high efficiency and selectivity for photocatalysis. This review introduces fundamental developments and recent advances of electrochemically engineered nanoporous materials and their application as platforms for photocatalysis, with a final prospective outlook about this dynamic field.
Keywords: Photocatalysis; nanoporous materials; anodization; chemical modification; structural engineering; optical nanostructures
Rights: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
DOI: 10.3390/catal9120988
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