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Type: Journal article
Title: Multidrug resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolated from superficial bacterial folliculitis in dogs from Portugal and Spain
Author: Oliveira, A.
Devesa, J.
Hill, P.
Poeta, P.
Citation: ESR Journal, 2018; 3:1-10
Publisher: Early Stage Researchers' Journal
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 2466-3352
Statement of
Ana Oliveira, Joana Devesa, Peter Hill, PatrĂ­cia Poeta
Abstract: Multidrug resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates have been recently increasing, which is alarming and dramatically decreases antimicrobial treatment options. T he objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of multidrug resistance (MDR) in meticillin-susceptible and resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates (MSSP/MRSP), previously collected from dogs with superficial bacterial folliculitis (SBF) in two referral hospitals in Portugal and Spain. Sixty S. pseudintermedius isolates were tested for oxacillin susceptibility by the Kirby-Bauer technique and divided into MRSP (30/60) and MSSP (30/60). Isolates were tested for first and second tier antibiotics recommended by the Working Group of the International Society for Companion Animal Infectious Diseases (ISCAID). All MRSP exhibited resistance to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, clindamycin and erythromycin. High resistance levels were observed to trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole (97%), tetracycline and gentamicin (87%), cefalothin and enrofloxacin (83%), pradofloxacin (80%) and minocycline (50%). Low resistance level was observed for chloramphenicol (17%), amikacin (7%) and rifampicin (7%). One MRSP was susceptible to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Sixty and 57% of MSSP were resistant to tetracycline and minocycline, respectively. Additionally, 43% of the isolates were resistant to clindamycin and erythromycin, 20% to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, 7% to enrofloxacin and pradofloxacin and 3% to chloramphenicol, gentamicin and amikacin. None were resistant to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefalothin and rifampicin. Most isolates were MDR (38/60). All non-MDR isolates were MSSP. Meticillin resistance was associated with MDR to other classes of antibiotics (P=0.001). Our study showed correlation between MRSP and MDR. The presence of MRSP should alert the practitioner for MDR and limited antibiotic options.
Keywords: Staphylococcus pseudintermedius; Multidrug resistance; Superficial bacterial folliculitis; Antibiotics; Dog
Description: Published: 24th May 2018
Rights: Copyright: 2018 This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
RMID: 0030090538
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Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications

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