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Type: Journal article
Title: Measuring masculinity in men with chronic disease
Author: Occhipinti, S.
Laurie, K.
Hyde, M.K.
Martin, S.
Oliffe, J.
Wittert, G.
Chambers, S.K.
Citation: American Journal of Men's Health, 2019; 13(4):1-7
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 1557-9883
Statement of
Stefano Occhipinti, Kirstyn Laurie, Melissa K. Hyde, Sean Martin, John Oliffe, Gary Wittert, and Suzanne K. Chambers
Abstract: The Masculinity in Chronic Disease Inventory (MCD-I) is a new measure of internalized masculine beliefs previously validated in the context of prostate cancer. The present study assessed the validity of the MCD-I in men with other chronic diseases to explore its potential for wider application. A cross-sectional survey of 633 men aged 47-93 years old (M = 68 years), of whom 68% reported ≥2 chronic conditions, was conducted. Measures included the MCD-I and Erectile Function. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed followed by tests for discriminant validity. A five-factor structure was confirmed that explained 60% of the variance, with good to excellent reliabilities (α = 0.68-0.93) for the domains of Optimistic Action, Sexual Importance/Priority, Family Responsibilities, Emotional Self-Reliance, and Strength/Fitness. The MCD-I is a valid measure of internalized masculine beliefs for men with chronic disease that appears sensitive to age and to sexual health. The tailoring of health services for men can be guided by MCD-I outcomes to ensure gender-sensitized men's health interventions.
Keywords: Masculinity; chronic disease; men's health; sexual health
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019 Article reuse guidelines: Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (
RMID: 0030120695
DOI: 10.1177/1557988319859706
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Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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