Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/124348
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Type: Journal article
Title: Selective removal of sodium from low-rank Xinjiang coal upon multistage countercurrent water washing: experimental investigation and kinetics modeling
Author: Zhou, S.
Hosseini, T.
Zhao, J.
Zhang, X.
Wu, H.
Zhang, L.
Citation: Energy and Fuels, 2019; 33(3):2142-2152
Publisher: American Chemical Society; ACS Publications
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0887-0624
1520-5029
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Song Zhou, Tahereh Hosseini, Jie Zhao, Xiwang Zhang, Hongwei Wu, and Lian Zhang
Abstract: Prior washing of coal is an essential step for the minimization of ash-related slagging and fouling inside a coal-fired boiler. With regard to the coal washing process, the recyclability of the washing reagent, usually water, is critical from both cost-effective and efficiency perspectives. This paper addresses the washing kinetics of water-soluble Na⁺ from two different low-rank Xinjiang coals using both fresh and used/recycled water to alleviate the ash-related fouling in low-rank coal-fired boilers. Apart from once-through fresh water washing, washing using recycled water via both multicycle single-stage and three-stage countercurrent processes was studied in detail to investigate the recyclability of water. Additionally, a modified shrinking core model (SCM) was developed to reveal the Na⁺ removal mechanism under all washing conditions. Our experimental results showed that the Na⁺ removal extent decreased with the recycling of used water due to an increase in the Na⁺ concentration in the recycled water and/or a decrease in the Na⁺ content in the washed coal. The saturation point of Na⁺ in the used water, beyond which the water can no longer remove Na⁺, is far below the solubility of NaCl in water. The modeling approach further confirmed that the overall rate for the removal of water-soluble Na⁺ is dominated by the intraparticle diffusion within the coal matrix. The effective diffusion coefficient of Na⁺ was within the range of 0.28 × 10⁻⁶ to 3.75 × 10⁻⁶ cm²/s, which agrees with reported values in the literature. Additionally, a novel iterative calculation method integrating the modified SCM into the three-stage countercurrent washing process has been proposed to predict the Na⁺ removal at each stage for each cycle. The results show that the water can be recycled a maximum of 15 times in the three-stage countercurrent process.
Rights: © 2019 American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.9b00055
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/IH150100006
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Chemical Engineering publications

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