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Type: Journal article
Title: A review of fractals in karst
Author: Pardo-Igúzquiza, E.
Dowd, P.
Durán, J.
Robledo-Ardila, P.
Citation: International Journal of Speleology, 2019; 48(1):11-20
Publisher: Società Speleologica Italiana
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0392-6672
Statement of
Eulogio Pardo-Igúzquiza, Peter A. Dowd, Juan J. Durán, and Pedro Robledo-Ardila
Abstract: Many features of a karst massif can either be modelled using fractal geometry or have a fractal distribution. For the exokarst, typical examples include the geometry of the landscape and the spatial location and size-distribution of karst depressions. Typical examples for the endokarst are the geometry of the three-dimensional network of karst conduits and the length distribution of caves. In addition, the hydrogeological parameters of the karst massif, such as hydraulic conductivity, and karst spring hydrographs may also exhibit fractal behaviour. In this work we review the karst features that exhibit fractal behaviour, we review the literature in which they are described, and we propose hypotheses and conjectures about the origin of such behaviour. From the review and analysis, we conclude that fractal behaviour is exhibited at all scales in karst systems.
Keywords: scale-invariance; self-similarity; landscape; sinkholes; caves; conduit networks
Rights: The author’s rights are protected under a Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.
RMID: 0030112662
DOI: 10.5038/1827-806X.48.1.2218
Appears in Collections:Civil and Environmental Engineering publications

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