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Type: Journal article
Title: Peaceful returns: reversing ethnic cleansing after the Bosnian war
Author: Stefanovic, D.
Loizides, N.
Citation: International Migration, 2017; 55(5):217-234
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0020-7985
Statement of
Djordje Stefanovic and Neophytos Loizides
Abstract: This article questions the conventional wisdom which claims forced migration is irreversible following massive ethnic cleansing campaigns, by investigating durable returns to pre‐conflict home communities in Bosnia‐Herzegovina. We formulate a set of novel hypotheses on the demographic determinants of return as well as on the role of social capital, nationalist ideology, integration, and war victimization. We use a 2013 Bosnian representative sample with 1,007 respondents to test our hypotheses. The findings support the expectation that gender and age have a major impact on return. Net of other factors, women and those experiencing wartime victimization are less likely to return. Older Bosnians with positive memories of pre‐conflict interethnic relations are more likely to return than younger persons or those with negative memories. Finally, ethnic Bosniacs are more likely to return than ethnic Croats or Serbs. More nationalistic internally displaced persons (IDPs) are less likely to return.
Rights: © 2017 The Authors. International Migration © 2017 IOM. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
DOI: 10.1111/imig.12382
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
Gender Studies and Social Analysis publications

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