Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
Type: Journal article
Title: The age of Homo naledi and associated sediments in the Rising Star Cave, South Africa
Author: Dirks, P.H.G.M.
Roberts, E.M.
Hilbert-Wolf, H.
Kramers, J.D.
Hawks, J.
Dosseto, A.
Duval, M.
Elliott, M.
Evans, M.
Grun, R.
Hellstrom, J.
Herries, A.I.R.
Joannes-Boyau, R.
Makhubela, T.V.
Placzek, C.J.
Robbins, J.
Spandler, C.
Wiersma, J.
Woodhead, J.
Berger, L.R.
Citation: eLife, 2017; 6:e24231-1-e24231-59
Publisher: eLife Sciences Publications
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 2050-084X
Statement of
Paul HGM Dirks, Eric M Roberts, Hannah Hilbert-Wolf, Jan D Kramers, John Hawks, Anthony Dosseto, Mathieu Duval, Marina Elliott, Mary Evans, Rainer Gru, n, John Hellstrom, Andy IR Herries, Renaud Joannes-Boyau, Tebogo V Makhubela, Christa J Placzek, Jessie Robbins, Carl Spandler, Jelle Wiersma, Jon Woodhead, Lee R Berger
Abstract: New ages for flowstone, sediments and fossil bones from the Dinaledi Chamber are presented. We combined optically stimulated luminescence dating of sediments with U-Th and palaeomagnetic analyses of flowstones to establish that all sediments containing Homo naledi fossils can be allocated to a single stratigraphic entity (sub-unit 3b), interpreted to be deposited between 236 ka and 414 ka. This result has been confirmed independently by dating three H. naledi teeth with combined U-series and electron spin resonance (US-ESR) dating. Two dating scenarios for the fossils were tested by varying the assumed levels of 222Rn loss in the encasing sediments: a maximum age scenario provides an average age for the two least altered fossil teeth of 253 +82/-70 ka, whilst a minimum age scenario yields an average age of 200 +70/-61 ka. We consider the maximum age scenario to more closely reflect conditions in the cave, and therefore, the true age of the fossils. By combining the US-ESR maximum age estimate obtained from the teeth, with the U-Th age for the oldest flowstone overlying Homo naledi fossils, we have constrained the depositional age of Homo naledi to a period between 236 ka and 335 ka. These age results demonstrate that a morphologically primitive hominin, Homo naledi, survived into the later parts of the Pleistocene in Africa, and indicate a much younger age for the Homo naledi fossils than have previously been hypothesized based on their morphology.
Keywords: Bone and Bones
Geologic Sediments
South Africa
Radiometric Dating
Description: Published: 09 May 2017
Rights: © Copyright Dirks et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
DOI: 10.7554/eLife.24231
Grant ID: 120100399
Published version:
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
Geology & Geophysics publications

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
hdl_124585.pdfPublished version13.17 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.