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Type: Journal article
Title: Experimental realization of heavily p-doped half-Heusler CoVSn compound
Author: Zaferani, S.H.
Darebaghi, A.
Hong, S.J.
Vashaee, D.
Ghomashchi, R.
Citation: Energies, 2020; 13(6):1459-1-1459-11
Publisher: MDPI
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 1996-1073
Statement of
Sadeq Hooshmand Zaferani, Alireza Darebaghi, Soon-Jik Hong, Daryoosh Vashaee and Reza Ghomashchi
Abstract: Hypothetical half-Heusler (HH) ternary alloy of CoVSn has already been computationally investigated for possible spintronics and thermoelectric applications. We report the experimental realization of this compound and the characterizations of its thermoelectric properties. The material was synthesized by a solid-state reaction of the stoichiometric amounts of the elements via powder metallurgy (30 h mechanical milling and annealing at 900 °C for 20 h) and spark plasma sintering (SPS). The temperature-dependent ternary thermodynamic phase diagram of Co-V-Sn was further calculated. The phase diagram and detailed analysis of the synthesized material revealed the formation of the non-stoichiometry HH CoVSn, mixed with the binary intermetallic phases of SnV3, Co2Sn, and Co3V. The combination of X-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and thermoelectric transport properties confirmed the formation of a multi-phase compound. The analysis revealed the predicted thermoelectric features (zT = 0.53) of the highly doped CoVSn to be compromised by the formation of intermetallic phases (zT ≈ 0.007) during synthesis. The additional phases changed the properties from p- to overall n-type thermoelectric characteristics.
Keywords: Half-Heusler; CoVSn; thermoelectric; heterogeneous structure
Rights: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
DOI: 10.3390/en13061459
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