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|Title:||Tunable nanoporous anodic alumina photonic crystals by Gaussian pulse anodization|
|Citation:||ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2020; 12(17):19778-19787|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Laura K. Acosta, Francesc Bertó-Roselló, Elisabet Xifre-Perez, Cheryl Suwen Law, Abel Santos, Josep Ferré-Borrull, and Lluis F. Marsal|
|Abstract:||This study presents a Gaussian pulse anodization approach to generate nanoporous photonic crystals with highly tunable and controllable optical properties across the visible-NIR spectrum. Nanoporous anodic alumina Gaussian photonic crystals (NAA-GPCs) are fabricated in oxalic acid electrolyte by Gaussian pulse anodization, a novel form of pulse-like anodization. The effect of the Gaussian pulse width in the anodization profile on the optical properties of these photonic crystals is assessed by systematically varying this fabrication parameter from 5 to 60 s. The optical features of the characteristic photonic stopband (PSB) of NAA-GPCs-the position of the central wavelength, full width at half-maximum, and intensity-are found to be highly dependent on the Gaussian pulse width, the angle of incidence of incoming photons, and the nanopore diameter of NAA-GPCs. The effective medium of NAA-GPCs is assessed by monitoring spectral shifts in their characteristic PSB upon infiltration of their nanoporous structure with analytical solutions of d-glucose of varying concentration (0.0125-1 M). Experimental results are validated and mechanistically described by theoretical simulations, using the Looyenga-Landau-Lifshitz effective medium approximation model. Our findings demonstrate that Gaussian pulse anodization is an effective nanofabrication approach to producing highly sensitive NAA-based PC structures with versatile and tunable PSBs across the spectral regions. The findings provide new exiting opportunities to integrate these unique PC structures into photonic sensors and other platform materials for light-based technologies.|
|Keywords:||Nanoporous anodic alumina; photonic crystals; gaussian pulse anodization; sensing platforms; effective medium approximation|
|Rights:||© 2020 American Chemical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemical Engineering publications|
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