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Type: Journal article
Title: How do we assess musicians' musculoskeletal symptoms?: a review of outcomes and tools used
Author: Stanhope, J.
Pisaniello, D.
Tooher, R.
Weinstein, P.
Citation: Industrial Health, 2019; 57(4):454-494
Publisher: National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0019-8366
Statement of
Jessica Stanhope, Dino Pisaniello, Rebecca Tooher, Philip Weinstein
Abstract: Recent reviews of musicians' musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS) have reported heterogeneity in the outcomes reported and data collection tools used, making it difficult to compare and synthesise findings. The purpose of this present review was to improve the consistency of future research, by documenting the outcomes reported in recent studies of musicians' MSS and the data collection tools used. All English language, peer-reviewed studies, published 2007-2016 that reported musicians' self-reported MSS outcomes were identified. Details of the types of outcomes reported and the tools used were extracted, and synthesised descriptively. A range of MSS outcomes were reported, including MSS with a temporal relationship to activities performed, and the consequences of symptoms. Only 24% of studies used standardised questionnaires, with the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) being the most commonly used. To improve the homogeneity of outcomes and data collection tools when investigating musicians' MSS, we recommend using the NMQ, where appropriate. Recall periods of 12-months and 7-days are the most appropriate for prevalence, and 7-day recall periods for ratings. Importantly, outcomes and the tools used to collect data should be reported in sufficient detail to ensure that the study can be replicated, critiqued, and accurately interpreted.
Keywords: Musicians; Outcomes; Measures; Rating scales; Questionnaires; Musculoskeletal; Pain; Review
Rights: © 2019 by National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd) License. (CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0:
RMID: 0030105633
DOI: 10.2486/indhealth.2018-0065
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications

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