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Type: Journal article
Title: Effects of biochar parent material and microbial pre-loading in biochar-amended high-solids anaerobic digestion
Author: Indren, M.
Birzer, C.H.
Kidd, S.P.
Hall, T.
Medwell, P.R.
Citation: Bioresource Technology, 2020; 298:122457-1-122457-10
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0960-8524
Statement of
Mathu Indren, Cristian H. Birzer, Stephen P. Kidd, Tony Hall, Paul R. Medwell
Abstract: This study characterises the effect of biochar (pyrolysed biomass) produced from wood pellets, wheat straw and sheep manure on high-solids anaerobic digestion (HSAD) of poultry litter. Also, pre-loading biochar with microorganisms before addition to HSADs was investigated. The addition of wood pellet biochar provides a 32% increase to the methane yield compared with control digesters. The addition of biochar produced from either wheat straw or sheep manure has detrimental effects on digester performance compared with controls. The addition of wood pellet biochar pre-loaded by placing it in a high-solids digester for 90 days provides a 69% increase in the total methane yield, 44% increase in the peak daily methane yield and a 33% reduction in the lag time compared with controls. This study highlighted a need for careful selection of parent material for biochar production and, for the first time, the opportunities to re-use wood pellet biochar for further improvements.
Keywords: Anaerobic digestion; Biochar; Poultry litter; Gasifier; Biogas
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2019.122457
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