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|Title:||Fabrication of a cartilage patch by fusing hydrogel-derived cell aggregates onto electrospun film|
|Citation:||Tissue Engineering Part A, 2020; 26(15-16):1-9|
|Publisher:||Mary Ann Liebert|
|Jiabin Zhang, Seonho Yun, Yuguang Du, Andrew C.W. Zannettino and Hu Zhang|
|Abstract:||Irregular defects at sites of degenerative cartilage often accompany osteoarthritis (OA). The development of novel cells/biomaterials-based cartilage tissue engineering methods to address these defects may provide a durable approach to hinder the development of OA. In the present study, we fabricated a neo-cartilage patch by fusing cell aggregates onto a biodegradable nanofiber film for degenerative cartilage repair. Human mesenchymal stem/stromal cell (MSC) aggregates were prepared and induced for chondrogenesis in a thermosensitive hydrogel, poly (<i>N</i>-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) (p(NIPAAm-AA)). Cell migration mediated the formation of cell aggregates in the thermosensitive hydrogel and led to a cell-dense hollow shell structure. The chondrocytes derived from MSC aggregates in the hydrogel were evidenced by the expression of chondrogenesis-related genes and extracellular matrices (ECMs). They were fused onto an electrospun film by mechanical force and spatial confinement to generate a neo-cartilage patch. The fabricated neo-cartilage patches may be able to integrate into the irregular defects under compressive stresses and achieve cartilage regeneration <i>in vivo</i>.|
|Keywords:||Hydrogel; chondrogenesis; human mesenchymal stem/stromal cell; electrospinning; cell aggregates; cartilage regeneration|
|Description:||Published Online:19 Mar 2020|
|Rights:||©t 2020, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 8|
Chemical Engineering publications
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