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Type: Journal article
Title: Accelerating solid diffusion and suppressing phase transition in LiV₃O₈ via calcium doping at lithium sites
Other Titles: Accelerating solid diffusion and suppressing phase transition in LiV(3)O(8) via calcium doping at lithium sites
Author: Xu, Y.
Wang, X.
Wang, Z.
Wang, S.
Zhu, X.
Li, D.
Yu, J.
Citation: Nanoscale, 2020; 12(18):10205-10215
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 2040-3364
Statement of
Yinsheng Xu,a Xiaoxiao Wang,a Zhengnan Wang,a Shengping Wang, *a Xiaoyan Zhu,*a Daoyu Lib and Jingxian Yu
Abstract: The phase transition of LiV₃O₈ from an α phase to a β phase during the discharge/charge process leads to drastic structural change and rapid capacity decay, and the consequent sluggish Li⁺ solid-state diffusion results in a serious concentration polarization. Herein, Ca-doped LiV₃O₈ was rationally designed and synthesized to address these issues. The electrochemical behaviors of Ca-doped and undoped LiV₃O₈, together with their structural evolution and changes in the ion solid diffusion paths, are studied in detail. Calculations at the atomic scale have revealed that Ca doping effectively suppresses the undesired α-β phase transition and stabilizes the structure of LiV3O8 during cycling. Moreover, the calcium dopant preferentially situated at lithium sites in LiV3O8 serves as a pillar to increase the interlayer distance and extend the electrochemically active (001) plane, and thus facilitates anisotropic Li⁺ diffusion. More importantly, the variable-cell Nudged-Elastic-Band (VCNEB) calculations indicate that the phase transformation was hindered by kinetic factors, not by thermodynamics. The dominant factors for the electrochemical performance of LiV₃O₈ were clarified, and valuable insights for LiV₃O₈ commercialization in lithium-ion batteries were provided.
Rights: This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2020
DOI: 10.1039/d0nr01675f
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