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Type: Journal article
Title: Search for PeV gamma-ray emission from the Southern Hemisphere with 5 yr of data from the IceCube Observatory
Author: Aartsen, M.G.
Ackermann, M.
Adams, J.
Aguilar, J.A.
Ahlers, M.
Ahrens, M.
Alispach, C.
Andeen, K.
Anderson, T.
Ansseau, I.
Anton, G.
Argüelles, C.
Auffenberg, J.
Axani, S.
Backes, P.
Bagherpour, H.
Bai, X.
Balagopal, A.V.
Barbano, A.
Barwick, S.W.
et al.
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics, 2020; 891(1):9-1-9-16
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0004-637X
Statement of
M.G. Aartsen … G.C. Hill … A. Kyriacou … A. Wallace … B.J. Whelan … et al. [the IceCube Collaboration]
Abstract: The measurement of diffuse PeV gamma-ray emission from the Galactic plane would provide information about the energy spectrum and propagation of Galactic cosmic rays, and the detection of a pointlike source of PeV gamma-rays would be strong evidence for a Galactic source capable of accelerating cosmic rays up to at least a few PeV. This paper presents several unbinned maximum-likelihood searches for PeV gamma-rays in the Southern Hemisphere using 5 yr of data from the IceTop air shower surface detector and the in-ice array of the IceCube Observatory. The combination of both detectors takes advantage of the low muon content and deep shower maximum of gamma-ray air showers and provides excellent sensitivity to gamma-rays between ~0.6 and 100 PeV. Our measurements of pointlike and diffuse Galactic emission of PeV gamma-rays are consistent with the background, so we constrain the angle-integrated diffuse gamma-ray flux from the Galactic plane at 2 PeV to 2.61 × 10⁻¹⁹ cm⁻² s⁻¹ TeV⁻¹ at 90% confidence, assuming an E⁻³ spectrum, and we estimate 90% upper limits on pointlike emission at 2 PeV between 10⁻²¹ and 10⁻²⁰ cm⁻² s⁻¹ TeV⁻¹ for an E⁻² spectrum, depending on decl. Furthermore, we exclude unbroken power-law emission up to 2 PeV for several TeV gamma-ray sources observed by the High Energy Spectroscopic System and calculate upper limits on the energy cutoffs of these sources at 90% confidence. We also find no PeV gamma-rays correlated with neutrinos from IceCube's high-energy starting event sample. These are currently the strongest constraints on PeV gamma-ray emission.
Rights: © 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab6d67
Grant ID: ARC
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