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|Title:||A paleogenomic reconstruction of the deep population history of the Andes|
|Citation:||Cell, 2020; 181(5):1131-1145|
|Nathan Nakatsuka, Iosif Lazaridis, Chiara Barbieri ... Bastien Llamas ... Alan Cooper ... Wolfgang Haak ... et al.|
|Abstract:||There are many unanswered questions about the population history of the Central and South Central Andes, particularly regarding the impact of large-scale societies, such as the Moche, Wari, Tiwanaku, and Inca. We assembled genome-wide data on 89 individuals dating from ∼9,000-500 years ago (BP), with a particular focus on the period of the rise and fall of state societies. Today's genetic structure began to develop by 5,800 BP, followed by bi-directional gene flow between the North and South Highlands, and between the Highlands and Coast. We detect minimal admixture among neighboring groups between ∼2,000-500 BP, although we do detect cosmopolitanism (people of diverse ancestries living side-by-side) in the heartlands of the Tiwanaku and Inca polities. We also highlight cases of long-range mobility connecting the Andes to Argentina and the Northwest Andes to the Amazon Basin.|
|Keywords:||Andes; ancient DNA; anthropology; archaeology; population genetics|
|Rights:||© 2020 Elsevier Inc|
|Appears in Collections:||Genetics publications|
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