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Type: Journal article
Title: Experimental support towards a metabolic proxy in fish using otolith carbon isotopes
Author: Martino, J.C.
Doubleday, Z.A.
Chung, M.T.
Gillanders, B.M.
Citation: The Journal of Experimental Biology, 2020; 223(6):1-8
Publisher: Company of Biologists
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0022-0949
Statement of
Jasmin C. Martino, Zoë A. Doubleday, Ming-Tsung Chung and Bronwyn M. Gillanders
Abstract: Metabolic rate underpins our understanding of how species survive, reproduce and interact with their environment, but can be difficult to measure in wild fish. Stable carbon isotopes (δ13C) in ear stones (otoliths) of fish may reflect lifetime metabolic signatures but experimental validation is required to advance our understanding of the relationship. To this end, we reared juvenile Australasian snapper (Chrysophrys auratus), an iconic fishery species, at different temperatures and used intermittent-flow respirometry to calculate standard metabolic rate (SMR), maximum metabolic rate (MMR) and absolute aerobic scope (AAS). Subsequently, we analysed δ13C and oxygen isotopes (δ18O) in otoliths using isotope-ratio mass spectrometry. We found that under increasing temperatures, δ13C and δ18O significantly decreased, while SMR and MMR significantly increased. Negative logarithmic relationships were found between δ13C in otoliths and both SMR and MMR, while exponential decay curves were observed between proportions of metabolically sourced carbon in otoliths (Moto) and both measured and theoretical SMR. We show that basal energy for subsistence living and activity metabolism, both core components of field metabolic rates, contribute towards incorporation of δ13C into otoliths and support the use of δ13C as a metabolic proxy in field settings. The functional shapes of the logarithmic and exponential decay curves indicated that physiological thresholds regulate relationships between δ13C and metabolic rates due to upper thresholds of Moto. Here, we present quantitative experimental evidence to support the development of an otolith-based metabolic proxy, which could be a powerful tool in reconstructing lifetime biological trends in wild fish.
Keywords: Chemical proxy; otolith chemistry; bioenergetics; field metabolic rate; teleost
Rights: © 2020. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
DOI: 10.1242/jeb.217091
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 4
Environment Institute publications

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