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Type: Thesis
Title: Maritime Radar Target Detection Using Time Frequency Analysis
Author: Duk, Vichet
Issue Date: 2018
School/Discipline: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Abstract: Small target detection in sea clutter remains a challenging problem for radar operators as the backscatter from the sea-surface is complex, involving both time and range varying Doppler spectra with strong breaking waves which can last for seconds and resemble targets. The goal of this thesis is to investigate two different time frequency wavelet transforms to filter the sea clutter and improve target detection performance. The first technique looks at an application of stationary wavelet transforms (SWT) to improve target detection. The SWT decomposes a signal into different components (or sub-bands) which contain different characteristics of the interference (clutter + noise) and target. A method of selecting the sub-band with the most information about the target is then presented using an ‘entropy’ based metric. To validate the SWT detection scheme, real radar data recorded from both an airborne and a ground based radar systems are analysed. A Monte-Carlo simulation using a cell averaging constant false alarm rate detector is implemented to demonstrate and quantify the improvement of the new scheme against unfiltered data. The second technique utilises a sparse signal separation method known as basis pursuit denoising (BPD). Two main factors contribute to the quality of the separation between the target and sea-clutter: choice of dictionary that promotes sparsity, and the regularisation (or penalty) parameter in the BPD formulation. In this implementation, a tuned Q-factor wavelet transform (TQWT) is used for the dictionary with parameters chosen to match the desired target velocity. An adaptive method is then developed to improve the separation of targets from sea-clutter based on a smoothed estimate of the sea clutter standard deviation across range. A new detection scheme is then developed and the detection improvement is demonstrated using a Monte-Carlo simulation.
Advisor: Ng, Brian
Rosenberf, Luke
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, 2018
Keywords: Radar
sea clutter
target detection
time frequency
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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