Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCakouros, D.en
dc.contributor.authorGronthos, S.en
dc.identifier.citationCurrent Osteoporosis Reports, 2020; 18(5):597-605en
dc.descriptionPublished online: 13 August 2020en
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE OF REVIEW:Although many signalling pathways have been discovered to be essential in mesenchymal stem/stromal (MSC) differentiation, it has become increasingly clear in recent years that epigenetic regulation of gene transcription is a vital component of lineage determination, encompassing diet, lifestyle and parental influences on bone, fat and cartilage development. RECENT FINDINGS:This review discusses how specific enzymes that modify histone methylation and acetylation or DNA methylation orchestrate the differentiation programs in lineage determination of MSC and the epigenetic changes that facilitate development of bone related diseases such as osteoporosis. The review also describes how environmental factors such as mechanical loading influence the epigenetic signatures of MSC, and how the use of chemical agents or small peptides can regulate epigenetic drift in MSC populations during ageing and disease. Epigenetic regulation of MSC lineage commitment is controlled through changes in enzyme activity, which modifies DNA and histone residues leading to alterations in chromatin structure. The co-ordinated epigenetic regulation of transcriptional activation and repression act to mediate skeletal tissue homeostasis, where deregulation of this process can lead to bone loss during ageing or osteoporosis.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityDimitrios Cakouros and Stan Gronthosen
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
dc.subjectDNA methylation; Epigenetics; Histone acetylation; Histone methylation; MSC; Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells; Skeletal stem cellsen
dc.titleEpigenetic regulators of mesenchymal stem/stromal cell lineage determinationen
dc.typeJournal articleen
pubs.library.collectionGenetics publicationsen
dc.identifier.orcidCakouros, D. [0000-0001-6136-0761]en
dc.identifier.orcidGronthos, S. [0000-0002-6225-3084]en
Appears in Collections:Genetics publications

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
hdl_127443.pdfPublished version580.43 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.