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Type: Journal article
Title: Resubduction of lawsonite eclogite within a serpentinite-filled subduction channel
Author: Tamblyn, R.
Hand, M.
Morrissey, L.
Zack, T.
Phillips, G.
Och, D.
Citation: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 2020; 175(8):1-22
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0010-7999
Statement of
R. Tamblyn, M. Hand, L. Morrissey, T. Zack, G. Phillips, D. Och
Abstract: Translating burial and exhumation histories from the petrological and geochronological record of high-pressure assemblages in subduction channels is key to understanding subduction channel processes. Convective return flow, either serpentinite or sediment hosted, has been suggested as a potential mechanism to retrieve rocks from significant depths and exhume them. Numerical modelling predicts that during convective flow, subducted material can be cycled within a serpentinite-filled subduction channel. Geochronological and petrological evidences for such cycling during subduction are preserved in lawsonite eclogite from serpentinite melange in the Southern New England Orogen, eastern Australia. Ar–Ar, Rb–Sr phengite and U–Pb titanite geochronology, supported by phase equilibrium forward modelling and mineral zoning, suggest Cambro–Ordovician eclogite underwent two stages of burial separated by a stage of partial exhumation. The initial subduction of the eclogite at ca. 490 Ma formed porphyroblastic prograde-zoned garnet and lawsonite at approximate P–T conditions of at least 2.9 GPa and 600 °C. Partial exhumation to at least 2.0 GPa and 500 °C is recorded by garnet dissolution. Reburial of the eclogite resulted in growth of new Mg-rich garnet rims, growth of new prograde-zoned phengite and recrystallization of titanite at P–T conditions of approximately 2.7 GPa and 590 °C. U–Pb titanite, and Ar–Ar and Rb–Sr phengite ages constrain the timing of reburial to ca. 450 Ma. This was followed by a second exhumation event at approximately 1.9 GPa and 520 °C. These conditions fall along a cold approximate geotherm of 230 °C/GPa. The inferred changes in pressure suggest the lawsonite eclogite underwent depth cycling within the subduction channel. Geochronological data indicate that partial exhumation and reburial occurred over ca. 50 M y., providing some estimation on the timescales of material convective cycling in the subduction channel.
Keywords: Eclogite; lawsonite; resubduction; high pressure; corner flow; Port Macquarie
Rights: © Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020
DOI: 10.1007/s00410-020-01712-1
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Geology & Geophysics publications

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