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Type: Journal article
Title: Seagrass restoration is possible: insights and lessons from Australia and New Zealand
Author: Tan, Y.M.
Dalby, O.
Kendrick, G.A.
Statton, J.
Sinclair, E.A.
Fraser, M.W.
Macreadie, P.I.
Gillies, C.L.
Coleman, R.A.
Waycott, M.
van Dijk, K.J.
Vergés, A.
Ross, J.D.
Campbell, M.L.
Matheson, F.E.
Jackson, E.L.
Irving, A.D.
Govers, L.L.
Connolly, R.M.
McLeod, I.M.
et al.
Citation: Frontiers in Marine Science, 2020; 7:617-1-617-21
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 2296-7745
Statement of
Yi Mei Tan, Oliver Dalby, Gary A. Kendrick, John Statton, Elizabeth A. Sinclair, Matthew W. Fraser, Peter I. Macreadie, Chris L. Gillies, Rhys A. Coleman, Michelle Waycott, Kor-jent van Dijk, Adriana Vergés, Jeff D. Ross, Marnie L. Campbell, Fleur E. Matheson, Emma L. Jackson, Andrew D. Irving, Laura L. Govers, Rod M. Connolly, Ian M. McLeod, Michael A. Rasheed, Hugh Kirkman, Mogens R. Flindt, Troels Lange, Adam D. Miller, and Craig D.H. Sherman
Abstract: Seagrasses are important marine ecosystems situated throughout the world’s coastlines. They are facing declines around the world due to global and local threats such as rising ocean temperatures, coastal development and pollution from sewage outfalls and agriculture. Efforts have been made to reduce seagrass loss through reducing local and regional stressors, and through active restoration. Seagrass restoration is a rapidly maturing discipline, but improved restoration practices are needed to enhance the success of future programs. Major gaps in knowledge remain, however, prior research efforts have provided valuable insights into factors influencing the outcomes of restoration and there are now several examples of successful large-scale restoration programs. A variety of tools and techniques have recently been developed that will improve the efficiency, cost effectiveness, and scalability of restoration programs. This review describes several restoration successes in Australia and New Zealand, with a focus on emerging techniques for restoration, key considerations for future programs, and highlights the benefits of increased collaboration, Traditional Owner (First Nation) and stakeholder engagement. Combined, these lessons and emerging approaches show that seagrass restoration is possible, and efforts should be directed at upscaling seagrass restoration into the future. This is critical for the future conservation of this important ecosystem and the ecological and coastal communities they support.
Keywords: Seagrass ecosystems; coastal; climate change; marine plants; restoration
Rights: Copyright © 2020 Tan, Dalby, Kendrick, Statton, Sinclair, Fraser, Macreadie, Gillies, Coleman, Waycott, van Dijk, Vergés, Ross, Campbell, Matheson, Jackson, Irving, Govers, Connolly, McLeod, Rasheed, Kirkman, Flindt, Lange, Miller and Sherman. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00617
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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