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|Title:||Evolution and correlation of cis-2-methyl-4-propyl-1,3-oxathiane, varietal thiols, and acetaldehyde during fermentation of sauvignon blanc Juice|
|Citation:||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2020; 68(32):8676-8687|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Xingchen Wang, Liang Chen, Dimitra L. Capone, Aurélie Roland and David W. Jeffery|
|Abstract:||cis-2-Methyl-4-propyl-1,3-oxathiane (cis-2-MPO) was recently identified in wine and proposed to arise from the reaction of 3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol (3-SH) and acetaldehyde. However, the evolution profile of cis-2-MPO during alcoholic fermentation (AF) and storage and its relationship with varietal thiols and acetaldehyde production were unknown. These aspects were investigated by fermenting Sauvignon blanc juice with J7 and/or VIN13 yeast strains and assessing the stability of cis-2-MPO during wine storage. Moderate to strong Pearson correlations verified similar evolution trends between acetaldehyde, 3-sulfanylhexyl acetate, and cis-2-MPO, with initial increases and a peak during the early to middle stages of AF before consecutive decreases until the end. Contrarily, 3-SH correlated moderately only at the end of AF. A consistent decrease observed for cis-2-MPO when spiked into Sauvignon blanc wine and assessed during 1-year storage revealed its general instability, but acetaldehyde addition (100 mg/L), pH 3.0, and storage at 4 °C all appeared to retain cis-2-MPO. These results have implications for wine aroma and the potential for cis-2-MPO to act as a sink (or source) for 3-SH in wine over time.|
|Keywords:||3-sulfanylhexan-1-ol; 3-sulfanylhexyl acetate; Vitis vinifera; analysis; stable isotope dilution assay; thiol precursors; wine aroma|
|Rights:||© 2020 American Chemical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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