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|Title:||Thermobarometric constraints on burial and exhumation of 2-billion-year-old eclogites and their metapelitic hosts|
|Citation:||Precambrian Research, 2020; 347:105833-1-105833-33|
|Dillon A. Brown, Renée Tamblyn, Martin Hand, Laura J. Morrissey|
|Abstract:||One of the first appearances of eclogite-facies mineral assemblages in the geological record occurs in the c. 2000 Ma Palaeoproterozoic Usagaran Belt in central Tanzania, where the extended margin of the Tanzanian Craton is interpreted to have been subducted. Mafic rocks are interpreted to have contained the mineral assemblage garnet + omphacite + rutile + quartz ± amphibole. This high-pressure assemblage has been overprinted by a secondary mineral assemblage containing clinopyroxene + plagioclase + hornblende + ilmenite ± orthopyroxene. Mineral equilibria forward modelling indicates that the eclogite-facies assemblages reached minimum peak pressure–temperature (P–T) conditions of ~17 kbar and ~700 °C. Inclusions in garnet document a prograde P–T history consistent with burial through upper amphibolite-facies conditions and possible partial melting. Petrological and compositional evidence from garnet suggests that following peak metamorphism, the eclogite-facies rocks were heated while stalled at approximate peak pressures. Temperature estimates derived from Zr concentrations in interpreted texturally retrograde rutile support a near-isothermal post-peak P–T evolution for the eclogite-facies rocks – an evolution that terminates at retrograde P–T conditions of approximately 7.6–8.2 kbar and 680–790 °C. The relict eclogite domains form part of a larger assemblage with enclosing migmatitic metapelitic lithologies (the Isimani Suite). The metapelitic gneisses contain garnet + kyanite + biotite + staurolite + hornblende + plagioclase + muscovite + rutile + quartz and preserve minimal evidence of a high-pressure history, conceivably due to post-peak mineralogical recrystallisation. P–T modelling, inclusion assemblages and compositional zonation patterns in porphyroblastic garnet suggests the metapelitic gneisses — similarly to the relict eclogites — experienced burial to minimum peak pressures of approximately 16.5–17 kbar. Compositional zoning patterns in eclogitic garnet suggest the Isimani system was buried, reached peak metamorphic conditions, and was subsequently exhumed within a timeframe of up to 20 Myr. A tectonic regime involving crustal thickening and subduction, followed by extensional exhumation of the entire Isimani Suite is our preferred model for the development of the c. 2000 Ma Usagaran Belt.|
|Keywords:||Palaeoproterozoic; subduction; exhumation; eclogite; metamorphism; pseudosection|
|Rights:||© 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Geology & Geophysics publications|
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