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Type: Thesis
Title: The Relationship Between Optimism and Perceived Control of Life Events Moderated by the Belief in a Just World
Author: Callisto, Jordana
Issue Date: 2019
School/Discipline: School of Psychology
Abstract: There has been an immense amount of research suggesting that individuals tend to have a biased outlook on life. Previous research has demonstrated that people exhibit three positive cognitive ‘illusions’: believing in a just world (BJW), optimism for the future, and the illusion of control. These psychological constructs have been investigated in great depth respectively; however, there is very limited research that explores these ‘illusions’ together. This study aims to explore the interaction between optimistic bias and control while moderating the level of BJW. A total of 192 participants completed an online self-report survey including the Belief in a Just World Scale, and rating the probability and controllability of experiencing 42 positive and negative life events. Results of this study reveal no significant interaction between BJW-s, control and optimistic bias for positive events. Additionally, there was a significant interaction between BJW-s, control and optimistic bias for negative events, revealing that people who have high BJW-s and high control have lower optimistic bias that negative events will occur to them. These results play a critical role in enhancing overall wellbeing and reducing unwanted health behaviours, such as smoking, by eliminating the optimistic bias that illness will affect others and not oneself.
Dissertation Note: Thesis (B.PsychSc(Hons)) -- University of Adelaide, School of Psychology, 2019
Keywords: Honours; Psychology
Description: This item is only available electronically.
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available, or you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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