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Type: Journal article
Title: All-fiber all-optical quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)
Author: Li, X.
Nguyen, L.V.
Hill, K.
Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.
Schartner, E.P.
Zhao, Y.
Zhou, X.
Zhang, Y.
Warren-Smith, S.C.
Citation: Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, 2020; 323:128681-1-128681-9
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0925-4005
Statement of
Xuegang Li, Linh V. Nguyen, Kelly Hill, Heike Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Erik P. Schartner, Yong Zhao ... et al.
Abstract: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the real-time amplification and measurement of a targeted DNA molecule, has revolutionized the biological sciences and is routinely applied in areas such as medical diagnostics, forensics, and agriculture. Despite widescale use of qPCR technology in the lab, the availability of low-cost and high-speed portable systems remains one of the barriers to routine in-field implementation. Here we propose and demonstrate a potential solution using a photonics-based qPCR system. By using an all-optical approach, we achieve ultra-fast temperature response with real-time temperature feedback using nanoliter scale reaction volumes. The system uses a microcavity to act as a nanoliter scale reaction vessel with a laser-driven and optically monitored temperature cycling system for ultrafast thermal cycling and incorporates an all-fiber fluorescence excitation/detection system to achieve real-time, high sensitivity fluorescence monitoring of the qPCR process. Further, we demonstrate the potential of the system to operate as a label-free qPCR system through direct optical measurement of the sample refractive index. Due to advantages in portability and fabrication simplicity, we anticipate that this platform technology will offer a new strategy for fundamental techniques in biochemistry applications, such as point-of-care and remote diagnostics.
Keywords: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction; optical fiber sensor; biosensor; DNA detection; microcavity; label-free
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
RMID: 1000025230
DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2020.128681
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Appears in Collections:Chemistry publications

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