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Type: Thesis
Title: Codeswitching as an Index and Construct of Sociopolitical Identity: The Case of the Druze, Christians and Muslims in Israel
Author: Ferro, Afifa Eve Kheir
Issue Date: 2020
School/Discipline: School of Humanities : Linguistics
Abstract: Research into codeswitching, generally defined as alternating between two (or more) different languages in the same conversation, has been flourishing over the last few decades. Yet, especially in the field of social, political and collective identity, much is still open for investigation. Although codeswitching research has benefited from the development of models and theories, there is a certain gap in the scholarly literature when it comes to a model that further illustrates the link between codeswitching and sociopolitical identity. Moreover, research into Palestinian Arabic¹ and the dominance of Israeli Hebrew² in Israel and its effect on the Arab and Druze sectors and their language is still in its infancy. Consequently, the present thesis by publication has developed a new model of codeswitching and sociopolitical identity, while examining the various aspects of codeswitching behaviour among the Israeli Arab Muslim, Christian and Druze sectors. The findings show clear different codeswitching behaviours across the different sectors, and that such variance has a link to sociopolitical identity, which subsequently has brought about the introduction of the new model. The present thesis by publication consists of four articles. The first has been published, the second has been revised for publication and the third and fourth have been submitted for publication and are currently being considered. In the first article, I have examined the language of the Druze community in Israel as going through the process of convergence and a composite Matrix Language formation, resulting in a mixed or split language, based on Myers-Scotton’s Matrix Language Turnover Hypothesis (2002). Longitudinal data of Palestinian Arabic/Israeli Hebrew codeswitching from the Israeli Druze community, collected in 2000 and 2017, indicate that there is a composite Matrix Language formation resulting in a mixed language. The second article presents the new mixed language and its special features upon application of Auer (1999) and Myers-Scotton’s (2003) theoretical models pertaining to mixed languages arising out of codeswitching. The third article examines the relationship between codeswitching and sociopolitical identity, while testing the various aspects of codeswitching among the Israeli Arab Muslim, Christian and Druze sectors. Drawing insights from intersubjective contact linguistics and indexicality, the paper attempts to offer a model that would facilitate the analyses of codeswitching as an index and construct of sociopolitical identity. Finally, the fourth article examines and compares language and identity among the Druze of the Golan Heights, who were moved from Syrian to Israeli control following the Six-Day War in 1967, and the Israeli Druze. In light of the notion of the interrelatedness of language, social-political situations and identity; this article examines the relationship between codeswitching, mixed varieties of language, sociopolitical situations related to the case study and identity, reporting on a comparative study of the Druze in the Golan Heights and the Druze in Israel. After the application of various theories and concepts from intersubjective contact linguistics, the paper shows how ‘sandwiched’ communities create new quasi-national identities and language varieties. ¹Palestinian Arabic, Palestinian Vernacular Arabic and Arabic will be used interchangeably to refer to the same variety. ²Israeli Hebrew, Israeli and Hebrew will be used interchangeably to refer to the same variety.
Advisor: Zuckermann, Ghil'ad
Amery, Rob
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Humaninties, 2020
Keywords: Codeswitching
mixed languages
split languages
language contact
sociopolitical identity
Israeli nation-state law
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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