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Type: Journal article
Title: Neural substrates of anticipatory motor adaptation for object lifting
Author: Marneweck, M.
Grafton, S.T.
Citation: Scientific Reports, 2020; 10(1):10430-1-10430-10
Publisher: Springer Nature
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 2045-2322
Statement of
Michelle Marneweck, Scott T. Grafton
Abstract: Anticipatory force control is a fundamental means by which humans stave off slipping, spilling, and tilting disasters while manipulating objects. This control must often be adapted due to changes in an object's dynamics (e.g. a lighter than expected mug of coffee) or its relation with involved effectors or digits (e.g. lift a mug with three vs. five digits). The neural processes guiding such anticipatory and adaptive control is understudied but presumably operates along multiple time scales, analogous to what has been identified with adaptation in other motor tasks, such as perturbations during reaching. Learning of anticipatory forces must be ultrafast to minimize tilting a visually symmetric object towards its concealed asymmetric center of mass (CoM), but slower when the CoM is explicitly and systematically switched from side to side. Studying the neural substrates of this latter slower learning process with rapid multiband brain imaging, in-scanner kinematics and Bayesian pattern component modelling, we show that CoM-specific pattern distances increase with repeated CoM switching exposures and improved learning. The cerebellum showed the most prominent effects, fitting with the idea that it forms a stored internal model that is used to build and update anticipatory control. CoM-specific pattern distances were present 24 h later, in line with the presence of consolidation effects.
Keywords: Sensorimotor memory
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-67453-0
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