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Type: Journal article
Title: One shot segmentation: unifying rigid detection and non-rigid segmentation using elastic regularization
Author: Nascimento, J.C.
Carneiro, G.
Citation: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 2020; 42(12):3054-3070
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0162-8828
Statement of
Jacinto C. Nascimento and Gustavo Carneiro
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel approach for the non-rigid segmentation of deformable objects in image sequences, which is based on one-shot segmentation that unifies rigid detection and non-rigid segmentation using elastic regularization. The domain of application is the segmentation of a visual object that temporally undergoes a rigid transformation (e.g., affine transformation) and a non-rigid transformation (i.e., contour deformation). The majority of segmentation approaches to solve this problem are generally based on two steps that run in sequence: a rigid detection, followed by a non-rigid segmentation. In this paper, we propose a new approach, where both the rigid and non-rigid segmentation are performed in a single shot using a sparse low-dimensional manifold that represents the visual object deformations. Given the multi-modality of these deformations, the manifold partitions the training data into several patches, where each patch provides a segmentation proposal during the inference process. These multiple segmentation proposals are merged using the classification results produced by deep belief networks (DBN) that compute the confidence on each segmentation proposal. Thus, an ensemble of DBN classifiers is used for estimating the final segmentation. Compared to current methods proposed in the field, our proposed approach is advantageous in four aspects: (i) it is a unified framework to produce rigid and non-rigid segmentations; (ii) it uses an ensemble classification process, which can help the segmentation robustness; (iii) it provides a significant reduction in terms of the number of dimensions of the rigid and non-rigid segmentations search spaces, compared to current approaches that divide these two problems; and (iv) this lower dimensionality of the search space can also reduce the need for large annotated training sets to be used for estimating the DBN models. Experiments on the problem of left ventricle endocardial segmentation from ultrasound images, and lip segmentation from frontal facial images using the extended Cohn-Kanade (CK+) database, demonstrate the potential of the methodology through qualitative and quantitative evaluations, and the ability to reduce the search and training complexities without a significant impact on the segmentation accuracy.
Keywords: Deep learning; data augmentation; manifold learning; object segmentation
Rights: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use is permitted, but republication/redistribution requires IEEE permission. See for more information.
DOI: 10.1109/TPAMI.2019.2922959
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Computer Science publications

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